Russia sanctions threaten to chip away at the dominance of US dollar, says IMF The unprecedented financial sanctions imposed on Russia after its invasion of Ukraine threaten to gradually dilute the dominance of the US dollar and result in a more fragmented international monetary system, a top official at the IMF has warned. Gita Gopinath, the IMF’s first deputy managing director, said the sweeping measures imposed by western countries following Russia’s invasion, including restrictions on its central bank, could encourage the emergence of small currency blocs based on trade between separate groups of countries. “The dollar would remain the major global currency even in that landscape but fragmentation at a smaller level is certainly quite possible,” she said in an interview with the Financial Times. “We are already seeing that with some countries renegotiating the currency in which they get paid for trade. “Russia has sought for years to reduce its dependence on the dollar, a campaign that accelerated in earnest after the US imposed sanctions in retaliation to its annexation of Crimea in 2014. Despite those efforts, #Russia still had roughly a fifth of its foreign reserves in dollar-denominated assets just before the invasion, with a notable chunk held overseas in Germany, France, the UK, and Japan. Those countries have now banded together to isolate Moscow from the global financial system.